Coffee was first discovered in Ethiopia, Northern Africa. Coffee berries were transported from Ethiopia to the Arabian peninsula, and were first cultivated in what today is the country of Yemen. From there, coffee tra
veled to Turkey and all over the world.
Today, coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world.
The main coffee types are:
The coffee originated from Ethiopia and Yemen and accounts for more than 70% of the world’s coffee trade. Arabica coffee grows at higher altitude about 1000 to 2000 m above sea level. Generally, the higher the altitudes, the harder the beans, and the better the quality. Arabica coffee has a wider aroma and taste.
Coffee Canephora or Robusta
Robusta has its origin in Africa and Brazil. It grows at lower altitudes near sea level and requires little rain fall. The plant produce more fruit and less susceptible to disease that leads to lower production cost. The aroma and the taste of Robusta is more neutral than Arabica Coffee. Robusta coffee has higher caffeine compared to Arabica.